The Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code: Chapter III
This Illinois law covers the procedures for the admission, transfer and discharge of persons with mental illness to and from mental health facilities. It exists to make sure that persons with mental illness receive appropriate care in the least drastic setting. Illinois residents with mental illness can benefit from this law.
Your legal rights
The Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Code (MHDD Code) is an Illinois law which governs the procedures of admitting and discharging persons from mental health facilities. The MHDD Code also contains procedures to protect the rights of persons living in mental health facilities.
The term mental health facility means a hospital, institution or other facility which provides treatment to people with a mental illness. This includes both state and privately operated facilities.
Types of admission to a mental health facility
If you are a person with a mental illness, you can be admitted as an inpatient to a mental health facility at your own request. This is called voluntary admission or informal admission.
- You can be admitted to a facility against your wishes when a court finds that you need inpatient care. This is called admission upon court order.
- In an emergency, you might be admitted against your wishes for a short period even without a court order. This is called emergency admission by certification. There are special rules governing the admission of children under age 16.